Our lungs, being one of the many important organs in our body, can unfortunately not function properly due to certain health related problems; one of them known as pulmonary hypertension such decease was studied for the first time by Ernst Von Romberg in 1891. It is a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in our lungs as well as the heart. The reason for it is that the arteries in our lungs become blocked which prevents the blood from circulating, therefor it makes the heart overwork itself.
In the following image it is demonstrated how a normal heart and pulmonary arteries should look like while in the other image it shows how heart and pulmonary arteries with pulmonary hypertension look like.
The way in which it affects our body is through experiencing respiratory problems (e.g. difficulty in breathing), as well as fainting, leg swelling, chest pain, a racing heartbeat, tiredness, decreased appetite etc. As pulmonary hypertension gets worse, the symptoms also intensify where a person can become tired even without doing much physical activity and it can also become very lethal.
Types of pulmonary hypertension:
There are different types of pulmonary hypertension which include: pulmonary arterial hypertension which consist of the obstruction of the arteries in both lungs and heart, and then there’s hypoxia related pulmonary hypertension caused due to chronic respiratory system deceases, chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension which can be triggered by the body not being able to properly absorb pulmonary embolism, and lastly there’s miscellaneous pulmonary hypertension
Causes of pulmonary hypertension:
Pulmonary hypertension can be caused due to two reasons, one of them can be triggered because it runs as a family health heritage and the other is caused for no apparent reason, however it can also be caused as a consequence of other lung decease or heart deceases.
To determine which of the many types of pulmonary hypertension certain tests must be performed, it is also important to accurately diagnose because there are other deceases that can cause similar symptoms therefor diagnosis must be done properly in order to avoid confusion.
Procedures such as blood tests, electrocardiology, arterial blood gas measurements, x-ray of the chest, amongst many others.
Treatment for pulmonary heart disease:
Unfortunately there is no actual cure that is free of consequences for pulmonary hypertension; however, there is treatment for the symptoms such as medicines, in some cases a lung transplant can be performed in order to fix the problem.
Treatment also depends on if the pulmonary hypertension is arterial, venous, thromboembolic, or miscellaneous due to the fact that each of them is treated differently.
A possible “cure” for such decease is surgery, depending on the type of pulmonary hypertension there are different types of surgeries, such surgeries are the following: arterial septostomy, which helps the heart through the communication of the left atria and right atria, there’s also lung transplantation, and there’s pulmonary tromboendarterectomy which is the removal of a clot along with the lining of the pulmonary artery, sadly these surgeries also have consequences which have a negative impact.